Client-side path translation is similar to worker-side path translation in that it does a simple find and replace on paths in the submission dialog. Unlike worker-side path translation, client-side path translation happens when the job is submitting, which means you must submit from one OS and render on the same other OS - you cannot render on multiple OSs like you can work worker-side path translation.
ClientClient-side path translation is configured in the GUI's "Path Translation Map" section in the preferences.
For detailed instructions, see On-submission Path Translation
To centrally manage client-side path translation, see see the section on "Studio - wide preferenes" in WV Preferences and Defaults
The last topic for cross-platofrm rendering is the path to the application itself. Maya, for example, may be in either
C:/Program Files/Autodesk/Maya<ver>, or
/usr/autodesk/maya<ver>, or some other custom location based on the operating system.